We talked a little it about hydroponic grow systems when we chatted about container gardens. But I want to expand that conversation and talk about hydroponics gardens in the Gardening 101 post.

Hydroponic gardens are self contained growing systems that use a variety of measures to grow plants. These systems can be placed indoor or outdoor, and often times the plants become healthier because of their highly regimented grow system. In this post we will talk about the different types of hydroponic systems that you can build in your backyard, or place in a spare room of your house. The idea is that these gardens are versatile and not every has the space to have large lush gardens.

The first type of hydroponic garden we will discuss in this Gardening 101 section is the nutrient film technique. The nutrient film technique, or NFT, is a hydroponic process that keeps a steady flow of nutrient solution moving around the roots of your plants. This is accomplished by use of a submersible pump. From the pump the nutrient solution is sent directly into the growing tray, where it flows over roots of the plants. The cycle is completed once the nutrient solution drains back into the reservoir.

The next hydroponic system we will discuss is the drip hydroponic system. This system is perfect for indoor and outdoor gardens it works by using a submersible pump on a timer. The system requires a grow tray and a nutrient solution reservoir. In the drip system, a tube connects your grow trays and depending on the size of your gardens you can have as many grow trays as you would like.  This system like all of hydroponics is a set it and forget it system. They just require some sort of light source. When the pump timer goes off, it pushes the nutrient solution through the system and drips back into the reservoir.

Ebb and flow gardens are type of garden that we built in the container project. Just a quick overview though. It works by using a submersible pump to flood your system and then let it slowly drain.

Deep water culture gardens are just what they say. They are almost completely submerged in water, and the water must be constantly percolating around them.  This process is also controlled by a pump.

Gardening 101 an introduction to hydroponics system is concluded with the wick hydroponic garden. This system is a passive system where, capillary action pulls water from the reservoir and is the cheapest system to build and maintain. With this particular garden you have the option of using a pump or not, I suggest at the very least keeping an aerator.

So when we discuss this simple process of building a hydroponic system as the solution your gardening dilemma, it must be said that this is a cheap and economical way to build your garden. The reason why I suggest using this method for gardens is because I said not everyone has access to large open spaces, and this is a simple solution.